Gum or Periodontal disease

Periodontal treatment consists of periodic removal of bacterial plaque and calculus from both above and beneath the gum line in patients who have undergone treatment for periodontal disease (periodontitis). It is usually performed on a two to four-month interval so that removal of bacterial colonies can be completed before they become sizable and aggressive enough to cause more damage to the patient’s periodontal tissues (gums and bone).
Types of gum disease treatments :

Gum or periodontal disease

Signs of gum disease are quite easy to notice. Bleeding gums during brushing, flossing or biting hard food; any sort of discomfort as redness, receding or swollen gums are most probably valid symptoms of the disease.

Moreover, slight teeth movements, unpleasant breath and persistent bad metallic taste in mouth, changes in the fit of dentures, etc.

Periodontal diseases flow in 2 stages: Gingivitis and Periodontitis.

Gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) is a usual infection that begins with the bacteria accumulation in the mouth. The excess of plaque causes gums to become red and swollen and bleed easily. It is often a result of poor oral hygiene, malnutrition and other medical conditions.

Gingivitis may well progress to Periodontitis, if not taken care of.

Periodontitis is the next destructive stage of gingivitis. The severe infection erodes the basis teeth structure. The jaw bones recede and gets damaged, teeth and gums weakens and loosen.

Regular teeth brushing, flossing and use of an antiseptic mouthwash is critical in preventing the gum diseases. Use fluoridated toothpastes and replace toothbrushes once every one to three months. Healthy diet ( lots of salads, fish, etc.) that ensures proper growth and health of the gums and teeth must be in place. Avoid soft drinks and other artificial sweeteners. Sugar allows bacterial adhesion and accumulation to the teeth and the tissues surrounding it. Therefore, its consumption must be dramatically decreased . Drinking plenty of water can help reduce inflammation by producing more saliva which in turn dilutes toxins from plaque. 

Regular dental checkups will help identify and treat the risk and occurrence of infections. Advances stages of the disease will require professional intensive treatments.

Healthy gums, charming smile

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